Avro Lancaster Mk I
WORLD WAR II
One of the 25 airplanes that won it
still flying 70 years after victory.
AIR&SPACE Smithsonian, May 2015I'd Rather Be Flying From Hangar 18
Avro Lancaster Mk I
(Featuring some of the Ol'Kunnel's favorite airplanes!)
The Avro Lancaster was a British four-engine Second World War heavy bomber made initially by Avro for the Royal Air Force (RAF). It first saw active service in 1942, and together with the Handley Page Halifax it was one of the main heavy bombers of the RAF, the RCAF and squadrons from other Commonwealth and European countries serving within RAF Bomber Command. The "Lanc" or "Lankie," as it was affectionately known, became the most famous and most successful of the Second World War night bombers, "delivering 608,612 tons of bombs in 156,000 sorties." Although the Lancaster was primarily a night bomber, it excelled in many other roles including daylight precision bombing, and gained worldwide renown as the "Dam Buster" used in the 1943 Operation Chastise raids on Germany's Ruhr Valley dams.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Lancaster evolved from the twin-Vulture-engined Avro Manchester with a fitting of four Rolls-Royce Merlin engines. It became the mainstay of the Bomber Command offensive against Germany during World War II, and later versions were able to carry single examples of Barnes Wallis's gigantic 22,000-lb (9,980-kg) "Grand Slam" bomb for use against special targets. The first Lancaster bombing raid was mad on March 10, 1942, against Essen, Germany. British and Canadian factories completed 7,366 Lancasters, all but 300 of them with variants of the Merlin engine.
--AIR FORCE Magazine/June 2008
- Featured in 1955 film "The Dam Busters"
- Suffered 108 losses in march 1944 raid on Nuremberg
- Nicknamed "The Lanc," and "Lankie"
- First named "Manchester III"
- Flown by nine nations
- Dropped food to starving Dutch in 1945 Operation Manna
- Had unheated gunner positions requiring gunners to wear electrically heated suits
- Rarely completed 100 missions (35 aircraft)
- Sank German battleship Tirpitz
- Used in several corps d'etat in Argentina
- Appears in computer-animated form in "New Captain Scarlet"
SPECIFICATIONS Avro Lancaster Mark I
- Span: 102 ft. 03 in. (31.09 m.)
- Length: 69 ft. 4 in. (21.13 m.)
- Gross Weight: 68,000 lb. (30,844 kg.)
- Armament: Eight 0.303-in Browning maching-guns (two each in nose1 and dorsal turrets2, four in tail turret3).
- Bomb load: Up to 18,000 lb (8,165 kg).
- Engines: Four Rolls-Royce "Merlin" XX twelve-cylinder Vee-type of 1,280 hp each.
- Maximum speed: 287 mph. (462 km/h.) at 11,500 ft. (3,505 m.)
- Range: 1,730 miles (2,785 km) with 12,000 lb (5,443-kg) bomb load.
1 In the nose, the bomb aimer (American: bombardier) on outward flights would man his turret and keep a look-out for enemy fighters. But, over and near the target he would be rather busy dumping "Window" (aluminum foil to confuse radar) and dropping the bomber's load on the objective.
2 The mid-upper gunner in his hydraulically-operated turret possessed a 36-degree traverse with a taboo track to prevent him firing at parts of his own aircraft in the heat of action.
3 The rear gunner was located within an enclosed cylindrical turret with hinged doors at his back. To bail out he simply turned his turret sideways and pushed himself backwards through the doors.The aircraft graphic above is from the Lincolnshire Aviation Hermitage Centre, East Kirby, Lincolnshire, England. It is fully restored to taxing condition.
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