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We may have all come on different ships, but we're in the same boat now.
-- Martin Luther King, Jr. [1929-1968]

Today's quotation...
"We hold these trout to be self-evident that all fish are created equal."
-- Salmon P. Chase [1808–1873]
[play on words by the Ol'Kunnel of Lincoln's Secretary of State]

"Diligence is the mother of good luck."
-- Benjamin Franklin, American statesman [1706-1790]

Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Birthday

Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) ... Civil rights leader whose vision for America was the equality of all people regardless of their religious beliefs or the color of their skin. While studying theology at both the Crozer Theological Seminary and Boston University, King developed a profound interest in Mahatma Gandhi’s nonviolent strategy to elicit social change. In 1955, after Rosa Parks refused to adhere to the segregation rules on buses, King was elected President of the Montgomery Improvement Association. His brilliant oratorical skills and overwhelming passion for the cause resulted in King founding the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957. After countless demonstrations and bitter opposition, King gave one of the most moving speeches in American History, "I Have A Dream," at the March on Washington on August 28, 1963. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968. His name will be between the lips of men forever.

"I refuse to accept the view that mankind is so tragically bound to the starless midnight of racism and war that the bright daybreak of peace and brotherhood can never become a reality."
-- Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.,
"Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech,"
December 10, 1964.

    Today is also Molière Day. On January 15, 1622, Jean Baptiste Poquelin took the stage name Molière. He became the most celebrated French author and dramatists. In 1673, while acting in his last play, La Malade Imaginaire, a story about hypochondria, he took ill and died within a few hours.

 Happy Birthday ......
    In 1926, Chuck Berry, American rock music guitarist, singer, and songwriter, was born in San Jose, California. He is widely regarded as one of the leading pioneers of rock music. His distinctive guitar playing and witty lyrics were a major inspiration for the English pop renaissance. Berry produced a string of hits in the late 1950s, including Maybellene, Rock and Roll Music, and Johnny B. Goode. In 1962 he was sentenced to two years in prison on the charge of transporting a minor across state lines for immoral purposes. His creative output subsequently dwindled.
    In 1929, Martin Luther King, Jr. ... Civil rights leader whose vision for America was the equality of all people regardless of their religious beliefs or the color of their skin. While studying theology at both the Crozer Theological Seminary and Boston University, King developed a profound interest in Mahatma Gandhi’s nonviolent strategy to elicit social change. In 1955, after Rosa Parks refused to adhere to the segregation rules on buses, King was elected President of the Montgomery Improvement Association. His brilliant oratorical skills and overwhelming passion for the cause resulted in King founding the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957. After countless demonstrations and bitter opposition, King gave one of the most moving speeches in American History, "I Have A Dream," at the March on Washington on August 28, 1963. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968. His name will be between the lips of men forever.     In 1957, Mario Van Peebles... Son of director/writer Melvin Van Peebles, Mario grew up surrounded by both the glamour and pitfalls of fame. With no intention of following in his father’s footsteps, Mario majored in economics at Columbia University. So, it was not until he was offered a role in the 1984 feature Cotton Club, that Van Peebles realized he was destined to make his living in the Hollywood spotlight. After turning in stellar performances on the big screen in Heartbreak Ridge (1986) and Identity Crisis (1989), Mario moved behind the camera to direct New Jack City, an acclaimed piece that depicted inner-city life. Van Peebles’ next few projects, Posse (1993) and Panthers (1995), continued to both entertain and astound audiences, and Mario educated young minds with his After School Special, “Malcolm Takes a Shot.” Van Peebles appeared on the silver screen in Judgment Day (1999) and Ali (2001).
    André Alexis (born 15 January 1957 in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago) is a Canadian writer who grew up in Ottawa and currently lives in Toronto, Ontario. He has received numerous prizes including the Windham-Campbell Literature Prize. Notable works: Childhood, Fifteen Dogs
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

 On this day ...
    In 1559, England's Queen Elizabeth I was crowned in Westminster Abbey.
    In 1639, the first constitution in the American colonies, the Fundamental Orders, was adopted in Hartford, Conn., by representatives of Wethersfield, Windsor, and Hartford.
    In 1759, the British Museum opens at Montague House, London.
    In 1794, Dr. Jesse Bennett of Edom, Va., performed the first successful Caesarean section.
    In 1831, Headline: The Hunchback of Notre Dame is finished
    Victor Hugo finishes writing Notre Dame de Paris, also known as The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Distracted by other projects, Hugo had continually postponed his deadlines for delivering the book to his publishers, but once he sat down to write it, he completed the novel in only four months.
    Hugo, the son of one of Napoleon’s officers, decided while still a teenager to become a writer. Although he studied law, he also founded a literary review to which he and other emerging writers published their work. In 1822, Hugo married his childhood sweetheart, Adele Foucher, and published his first volume of poetry, which won him a pension from Louis XVIII.
    In 1823, Hugo published his first novel, Han d’Islande. His 1827 play, Cromwell, embraced the tenets of Romanticism, which he laid out in the play’s preface. The following year, despite a contract to begin work on a novel called Notre Dame de Paris, he set to work on two plays. The first, Marion de Lorme (1829), was censored for its candid portrayal of a courtesan. The second, Hernani, became the subject for a bitter and protracted debate between French Classicists and Romantics. In 1831, he finally finished Notre Dame de Paris. In addition to promoting a Romantic aesthetic that would tolerate the imperfect and the grotesque, the book also had a simpler agenda: to increase appreciation of old Gothic structures, which had become the object of vandalism and neglect.
    In the 1830s, Hugo wrote numerous plays, many created as vehicles for actress Juliette Drouet, with whom Hugo was romantically connected starting in 1833. In 1841, Hugo was elected to the prestigious Acadamie Francaise, but two years later he lost his beloved daughter and her husband when they were drowned in an accident. He expressed his profound grief in a poetry collection called Les Contemplations (1856).
    Hugo was forced to flee France when Napoleon III came to power: He did not return for 20 years. While in exile, he completed Les Miserables (1862), which became a hit in France and abroad. He returned to Paris during the Franco-Prussian War and was hailed a national hero. Hugo’s writing spanned more than six decades, and he was given a national funeral and buried in the Pantheon after his death in 1885.
    In 1844, the University of Notre Dame received its charter from the state of Indiana.
    In 1865, [Civil War] Fort Fisher falls
    Fort Fisher in North Carolina falls to Union forces, and Wilmington, North Carolina, the Confederacy’s most important blockade-running port, is closed.
    When President Abraham Lincoln declared a blockade of Southern ports in 1861, Rebel engineers began construction on a fortress at the mouth of New Inlet, which provided access to Wilmington. Fort Fisher was constructed of timber and sand, andposed a formidable challenge for the Yankees. The walls were more than 20 feet high and bristled with large cannon. Land mines and palisades made from sharpened logs created even more obstacles for potential attackers.
    Union leadership did not make Fort Fisher a high priority until the last year of the war. After the Federals closed Mobile Bay in August 1864, attention turned to shutting down Wilmington. Union ships moved into place in December 1864 and began a massive bombardment on Christmas Eve. The next day, a small force failed to capture the fort, but the attempt was renewed in January. On January 13, athree-day bombardment began. On the third day, some 9,000 Yankee infantry commanded by General Alfred Terry hit the beach and attacked Fort Fisher. The Confederates could not repulse the attack.
    The damage was heavy on both sides: the Union suffered more than 900 Army casualties and 380 Navy casualties, and the Confederates suffered 500 killed or wounded and over 1,000 captured. After the loss of this last major Confederate port, it was only three months before the war concluded.

    In 1870, Cartoonist Thomas Nast first uses donkey to symbolize Democratic Party in cartoon for Harper's.
    In 1892, the official rules of basketball first published by James Naismith in The Triangle (Springfield College).
    In 1896, Matthew Brady, famous Civil War photographer, died.
    In 1914, Henry Ford introduced the assembly line method of manufacturing cars, allowing completion of one Model-T Ford every 90 minutes.
    In 1919, the Great Molasses Flood damaged areas of Boston.
Boston was part of the triangular trade route, which involved molasses, rum, sugar cane, slaves, and money, as well as ships needed for all this activity. New England forests provided trees for the large sailing ships, and the molasses was stored in the North End, which at that time was very industrial in nature. Rum would be made with the molasses. True story - the explosion took place during the summer - temperatures had been abnormally high and built up pressure inside the tank caused it to explode - sending molasses streaming through the North End, drowning people and livestock.
11:16 1/14/2009

    In 1922, the Irish Free State comes into being.
    In 1936, the non-profit Ford Foundation is incorporated.
World At War
    World War II, which had begun in Europe on September 1, 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, ended six years later to the day, September 1, 1945. The final concluding ceremony came the following day, September 2, 1945, with the signing of surrender papers by representatives of Japan, Nazi Germany's Axis partner in the Far East.

Nine Notable Veterans of World War II

* * * * * * * * * * * * * 5TH ARMY SURPRIZE MAZIS AT ANZIO. ITALY * * * * * * * * * * * * * FIRST NEGRO SQUADRON BOMBS TARGETS INTO SURRENDER * * * * * * * * * * * * * 5TH ARMY SURPRIZE MAZIS AT ANZIO. ITALY * * * * * * * * * * * * * FIRST NEGRO SQUADRON BOMBS TARGETS INTO SURRENDER * * * * * * * * * * * * *
    In 1942, Rio de Janeiro: 21 American nations resolve to break relations with the Axis.
    In 1943, the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. was completed It was the largest office building of its time. The Pentagon, located just outside Washington, DC, in Arlington, Virginia, covers 34 acres of land and has 17 miles of corridors. [Yet, one can find the office they are looking for within the building in about five minutes walking. The Ol'Kunnel knows as he used to work there. (grin)]
    President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill opened a 10-day World War II strategy conference in Casablanca, Morocco.
01/15/2018 1119
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    In 1951,The “Witch of Buchenwald” is sentenced to prison
    Ilse Koch, wife of the commandant of the Buchenwald concentration camp, is sentenced to life imprisonment in a court in West Germany. Ilse Koch was nicknamed the “Witch of Buchenwald” for her extraordinary sadism.
    Born in Dresden, Germany, Ilse, a librarian, married SS. Col. Karl Koch in 1936. Colonel Koch, a man with his own reputation for sadism, was the commandant of the Sashsenhausen concentration camp, two miles north of Berlin. He was transferred after three years to Buchenwald concentration camp, 4.5 miles northwest of Weimar; the Buchenwald concentration camp held a total of 20,000 slave laborers during the war.
    Ilse, a large woman with red hair, was given free reign in the camp, whipping prisoners with her riding crop as she rode by on her horse, forcing prisoners to have sex with her, and, most horrifying, collecting lampshades, book covers, and gloves made from the skin of tattooed camp prisoners. A German inmate gave the following testimony during the Nuremberg war trials: “All prisoners with tattooing on them were to report to the dispensary… After the prisoners had been examined, the ones with the best and most artistic specimens were killed by injections. The corpses were then turned over to the pathological department, where the desired pieces of tattooed skin were detached from the bodies and treated further.
    Karl Koch was arrested, ironically enough, by his SS superiors for “having gone too far.” It seems he had a penchant for stealing even the belongings of wealthy, well-placed Germans. He was tried and hanged in 1944. Ilse Koch was tried for crimes against humanity at Nuremberg and sentenced to life in prison, but the American military governor of the occupied zone subsequently reduced her sentence to four years. His reason, “lack of evidence,” caused a Senate investigation back home. She was released but arrested again, tried by a West German court, and sentenced to life. She committed suicide in 1967 by hanging herself with a bedsheet.
    In 1953, Harry S Truman became the first U.S. President to use radio and television to give his farewell address as he left office.
    In 1954, Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio got marred at San Francisco City Hall. [The marriage, however, lasted only about nine months.]
    In 1964, George Wallace was inaugurated as the governor of Alabama, promising his followers, "Segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever!"
    In 1967, the first Super Bowl is played in Memorial Coliseum, Los Angeles, California. The Packers beat Kansas City 35-10.
    In 1969, a series of explosions aboard the nuclear aircraft carrier USS Enterprise off Hawaii killed 10 men.
    In 1971, Aswan High Dam in Egypt inaugurated. The river Nile is brought under control.
    In 1973, President Nixon announced the suspension of all U.S. offensive action in North Vietnam. He cited progress in peace negotiations as the reason.
    In 1974, Happy Days premieres on television in the United States. Set in 1950s Wisconsin and featuring high school student Richie Cunningham (Ron Howard) and pals Arthur "Fonzie" Fonzarelli (Henry Winkler) and Potsie Webber (Anson Williams), the show lasts 10 seasons, peaking in 1977, where it ended as the most highly rated comedy of the season.
    In 1975, No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Mandy," Barry Manilow. The song is Manilow's first single to reach Billboard's Hot 100 singles pop chart.
    In 1980, after being released from government control, gold reached a record price, exceeding $800 an ounce.
    In 1985, the British pound sank to a record low, $1.11, and the Bank of England raised interest rates to halt the decline.
    In 1987, Paramount Home Video reported that it would place a commercial at the front of one of its video releases for the first time. It was a 30-second Diet Pepsi ad at the beginning of Top Gun.
    In 1990, the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement(MRTA) bombed the US Embassy in Lima, Peru.
    In 1991, Operation Desert Storm begins in Kuwait against the Iraqi Republican Army.
    In 1992, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ends as European Communities recognize Croatia and Slovenia independence.
    In 1993, Songwriter Sammy Cahn dies of congestive heart failure in Los Angeles at age 79. Cahn won Academy Awards for "All the Way," "High Hopes" and "Call Me Irresponsible."
     David Letterman accepted a multimillion-dollar deal to move his late night talk show to CBS in August after his NBC contract expired.     In 1994, Grammy-winning singer-songwriter Harry Nilsson dies in his sleep at age 52. Nilsson never fully recovered from a heart attack the previous February. The performer was born Harry Edward Nelson III. He had his first hit with the No. 6 song "Everybody's Talkin'" from the movie Midnight Cowboy. His biggest hit was the million-selling 1971 song "Without You," which topped Billboard's singles chart for four weeks.
    In 1997, a bitterly divided Israeli Cabinet agreed to withdraw troops from most of Hebron and rural West Bank areas, approving an accord wrapped up hours earlier by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.
     The crews of the shuttle Atlantis and the Russian space station Mir had a raucously joyful meeting, hours after their space craft had docked.
    In 1998, NASA announces that John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth, will be part of the upcoming Space Shuttle Discovery mission's crew, making him the oldest man to fly in space.
     Lance Carvin, a stalker of Howard Stern was sentenced to 2 1/2 years in prison for threatening to kill Stern and his family.
    In 2002, although a victory of sorts was achieved by Operation Desert Storm, Saddam Hussein still dictated and threaten from Baghdad. Saddam became a prisoner of war of the USA by his capture in 2004. [He was hanged December 30, 2006.]
     Attorney General John Ashcroft said that John Walker Lindh, the 20-year-old Californian who had fought alongside the Taliban in Afghanistan, would be charged with conspiracy to kill U.S. citizens and could face life in prison if convicted. [Lindh received a 20-year sentence after pleading guilty to supplying services the Taliban and carrying explosives in commission of a felony.]
     A Titan IVB rocket blasted off from Cape Canaveral AFS, Florida, and inserted a Milstar 2 satellite into orbit 22,300 miles above the equator. The new military communications satellite cuts the transmission of air tasking orders from one hour to just six seconds. Thr transmission of images the size of an 8X10 picture will no longer take 22 hours, but just two minutes.
     The leader of a Palestinian militia was killed by a bomb near his home on the West Bank, an act blamed on Israel and touching off a new wave of violence in the Middle East.
    In 2003, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the U.S. Congress had permission to repeatedly extend copyright protection.
     Bankrupt retailer Kmart told employees it would close another 326 stores and a distribution center, eliminating more than 30,000 jobs.
    In 2004, the "Spirit" rover successfully rolled onto the surface of Mars for the first time since NASA's unmanned robot bounced down on the red planet nearly two weeks ago. Pictures confirming the "egress" came back to NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. at about 5 a.m. ET (1000 GMT).
     Schriever Air Force Base officials declare GPS IIR-10, launched December 21, 2003, from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, to be fully operational. The new satellite has an enhanced antenna panel to increase power output of the navigation signal, making it less susceptible to interference.
     President George W. Bush outlined a plan to establish a U.S. colony on the moon from where manned expeditions to Mars could be launched.
    In 2005, Mahmoud Abbas, sworn in as Palestinian Authority president, said he is extending his hand in peace to Israel and called for a cease-fire, but he made no mention in his inaugural speech of how he would deal with Palestinian militants, the most pressing issue on his agenda.
    In 2006, a space capsule loaded with comet dust completed a 2.9 billion-mile journey, landed safely in the Utah desert to the relief of NASA scientists who have waited seven years for the return of particles they hope will give them clues about the origins of the solar system.
    In 2008, Presidential Election Data: In its current form, Michigan's primary dates from 1972. Before that the state went 40 years without one. This year Mitt Romney, Republican and native son, and Hillary Clinton, uncontested Democrat, will go on to the next state's primary as the party's presidential nominee.
    In 2009, US Airways Flight 1549 crash lands in Hudson River in New York. All crew and passengers rescued with New York City rescue services. Reason for unscheduled landing, the A32's two engines disabled by bird strikes--an unusual situation. However, heroic efforts by the pilot and co-pilot saved the day.
    Captain Chesley Burnett Sullenberger III safely landed the plane he was piloting on New York City’s Hudson River after a bird strike caused its engines to fail. David Paterson, governor of New York at the time, dubbed the incident the “miracle on the Hudson.” Sullenberger, a former fighter pilot with decades of flying experience, received a slew of honors for his actions, including an invitation to Barack Obama’s presidential inauguration and resolutions of praise from the U.S. Congress.

 Thought for the day...

[This is the 01/15/2019 bulletin.]